Influenza and dengue fever are some of the diseases that emerge this season.
The number of diseases that circulate this season and share symptoms similar to COVID-19 causes people to take all the measures in their power to avoid contagion.
During the month of October the influenza season emerges , as well as the dengue season . In addition, colder temperatures bring out respiratory diseases, such as asthma and allergies.
“In influenza, as in a common cold, there is a stuffy nose and pain in the body. Fever is not a significant indicator, but the (diagnostic) test has a very high sensitivity and there is treatment, with a usually fairly rapid response ”, indicated Dr. Ángeles Rodríguez .
For the infectologist, however, there is more concern in cases of dengue. Severe headache and body pain are some symptoms, as well as thrombocytopenia or a low platelet count.
“I am already seeing cases of dengue, with very low platelets. That is why it is important to keep the patient hydrated to avoid going into shock. And epidemiological surveillance is important because the mosquito travels three miles around the site where it is born, ”said Rodríguez.
Platelets or thrombocytes are cells produced by the bone marrow and which play an important role in blood clotting.
Regarding allergies, Rodríguez commented that the person who suffers from them usually recognizes their history, as well as asthmatics, where wheezing or high-pitched sounds produced in breathing stand out, when the airways are partially blocked.
According to data from the Health Department , until the week of September 13 to 19 this season, 120 cases of influenza have already been reported in Puerto Rico, with 15 hospitalizations. Meanwhile, Salinas and Jayuya are the two municipalities with the highest incidence rate of influenza today.
Meanwhile, until the week of August 19 to 25, the most current data that Health has on the incidence of dengue on the island, this year 376 cases and 29 probable cases have been confirmed. Most of the cases have been dengue (DEN-1).