The nursery would not have any impact on the language and cognitive development

La garderie n’aurait aucun impact sur le développement cognitif et langagier

MONTREAL — The attendance of daycare before starting kindergarten would not have any impact on the language and cognitive development of children, according to an analysis of the Institut de la statistique du Québec, but a think-tank warns that the finding could be especially that of the’importance of quality in all types of services”.

According to the”Survey of québec regarding the pre-primary school children kindergarten to 2017″, published on Thursday, the attendance or not of a care service would not have any significant impact on the language and cognitive development, as well as the physical health and well-being of children.

The figures indicate that the children who have been retained are less likely to be vulnerable in the domain of “communication skills and general knowledge”.

These same children, however, are more likely to be considered vulnerable in the area of “social skills” and “emotional maturity” that those who remain at home.

Specific variables are, however, very important to consider in the case of children who are entrusted to care. The earliness, frequency, and stability of the environment can influence the risk of vulnerability of toddlers.

According to the survey statistics, the more a child is beginning to bear early, and the more this environment is stable, less likely to be considered vulnerable in any matter. In contrast, if a child is kept for 45 hours and more each week, her risk of vulnerability increases.

In response to this study, the Observatory toddlers especially want to remember the”importance of quality in all types of educational childcare services for the proper development of toddlers”.

In an interview, the director of the Observatory of small children, Fannie Dagenais, pointed out that a finding of the investigation “which may seem a bit surprising is the lack of a “protective effect” documented by previous studies.

But according to Mrs. Dagenais, this “protective effect is present when the service quality is at the rendez-vous”.

The family environment first

The Institute of statistics warns that these are first and foremost the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics have a more serious impact on the risk of vulnerability of children. In addition, children who have received regular care before they enter kindergarten are more likely to live in a family well off and have parents in school.

“It is very much in the family environment that it is,” chimed in the interview, Amélie Lavoie, research professional at the Institut de la statistique du Québec. The characteristics of the children, families, parenting practices, it is fairly constant in all studies”.

To Ms. Lavoie, the results of the survey should serve as a reflection to improve services to children, but also the measures offered for the reconciliation of work and family, while it is clear that the extended time spent in daycare can be harmful.

Ms. Lavoie also added that the children kept in the facility are more likely to be vulnerable on the plan-emotional than those kept in a family environment.

The Observatory toddlers emphasizes that the studies carried out since several years in Quebec, but also elsewhere in the world, conclude that educational childcare services “can contribute positively to the development of children, particularly for children from disadvantaged backgrounds”.

Without interfering directly in the debate on the “nursery 4 years”, a project dear to the government Legault, Ms. Dagenais said he had “definitely think about the quality of services (…) before the age of 4 years”.

“A smaller ratio is associated with a better quality. In the present investigation, it is seen that toddlers, who are in the family backgrounds fare much better than those attending facilities – CPE or child care facilities private, subsidized or not. The issue of staff turnover is important too, and having teachers trained who understand the stages of development of toddlers”, argued the director of the Observatory.

“We can think of all the measures of reconciliation of family-work, on which we could work, she added. We often think about the business environment, but municipalities also may act, in particular by adapting the schedule of some services. And, of course, the government has levers.”


Some of the data in bulk

  • 92% of children attend daycare before entering kindergarten
  • 38% of children who were not kept are considered vulnerable in at least one area of development
  • 27% of children who have been retained are considered vulnerable in at least one area of development
  • 12% of children are cared for for the first time from the age of three years
  • 11% is kept over 45 hours per week on average
  • 22% have changed three times or more a day care setting before they enter kindergarten

(Source: Survey in quebec on the course of preschool kindergarten children 2017)

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